Interest rate Hikes in 2022/ Should you fix your interest rate?

3 Feb 2022

The debate about whether or not to fix the interest rate on your home loan has been reignited, as the South African Reserve Bank puts its second, consecutive increase into effect.

The Reserve Bank increased the repo rate by 25 basis points to 4%, taking the prime lending rate to 7.5%. This is still quite low, considering South Africa's interest rate before the start of the of the pandemic was 10%. A minimum of two rate increases are being forecast by economists, as the Reserve Bank takes a cautionary approach to inflation in the midst of a fragile economy.

“It’s important to remember that each person’s financial situation and their individual set of circumstances are unique. So, there isn’t a simple answer to the question of fixing, or not fixing, the interest rate on your home loan. But there are some important factors to take into account whenever you consider this question,” advises BetterBond CEO, Carl Coetzee.
Know your interest rates:

The repo rate is set by the South African Reserve Bank Monetary Policy Committee and indicates the rate at which they loan to the commercial banks.
The prime lending rate is the rate at which the banks lend to us as consumers. The repo rate and the prime lending rate are not the same because banks have running costs, infrastructure, admin fees and they take the risk of loaning money, so that has to be built into the margins they set. Remember, a bank is a business like any other in this regard!
The interest rate the banks offer you is determined by a number of factors related to your profile as a client – it’s about affordability and your credit standing. Your credit profile is determined by how you have conducted your finances and whether you’ve kept up your regular payments. The banks will calculate your interest rate in line with your credit profile, to determine monthly repayments on your home loan.
If you take a variable interest rate it means the rate at which you repay will fluctuate over the term of your home loan, in line with repo rate changes.
As a general rule, a fixed interest rate is higher than a variable one because it poses more of a risk for the bank. A fixed interest rate is usually set for a period of up to 5 years, after which you will have to renegotiate it.

Coetzee explains, “When you apply for a home loan, it is by default on the basis of a variable interest rate. Only once your bond has registered, can you apply for a fixed interest rate and then there is a strict time limit attached before the offer lapses.”

Three factors to think about

Some of the most important factors in deciding whether to fix your interest rate or not are:

Market conditions at the time of securing the loan.
Loan term. Fixed interest rates are usually for up to five years. So, with a home loan spanning 20 years, you’ll soon need to renegotiate terms, which could then be less favourable than before.
Amortisation period. This is the total length of time it takes to pay off a loan. By extension, the longer the amortisation period, the bigger influence a change in the interest rate will have on your repayments.

Is history anything to go by?

Most historical sources seem to agree that you are probably likely to pay a little less with a variable interest rate than on a fixed interest rate, over time.

Coetzee cautions, however, that, “This is useful to consider, but it’s even more important to remember that past trends aren’t necessarily good indicators of future performance. The determining factor must always be affordability, so look carefully at your financial situation, to see what you can afford and take into account your financial commitments. Buying a home is probably the largest purchase you’ll ever make, so think carefully!”

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